Mawlīd

(Arab. "birthday;" Turkish: Mevlit)
   Refers to the celebration of the Prophet’s birthday, common since the ninth century, or of local saints’ days, and to Islamic songs and epics composed for attendant festivals. Techniques can range from simple chanted recitation in rural areas to sophisticated associations of mode (maqāmāt) with particular texts. In 1409, Sūleyman Celibi composed the "Way to Salvation," which spread through the Ottoman Empire and is now known as "the Mevlit." In Alexandria, "The Prophet’s Cloak" is recited weekly at the tomb of Sharaf al-Din al-Büsīrī (d. 1298). In Iraq, believers sing an Arabic text by Ja’far al-Barzanjī (d.1765).
   The celebrations themselves may be very large with many musical performances simultaneously. The mawlīd in Cairo, commemorating the Prophet’s grandson Hossein, lasts several weeks.
   See also Sama; Ta’ziye.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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  • Mawlid — o Milad En el Islam, el cumpleaños de una figura santa, en especial Mahoma. Su cumpleaños fue establecido por la tradición en el día 12 del mes de Rabīʽ I (que es realmente el día de su muerte). Celebrado por primera vez por los fieles musulmanes …   Enciclopedia Universal

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